Decizia de la Haga: Romania a castigat mai putin decat a pierdut
Agentul României la CIJ Bogdan Aurescu a declarat ă decizia Curţii în cazul procesului cu Ucraina acordă României 9700 de kilometri pătraţi de zonă economică exclusivă şi platou continental, reprezentând 79,34% din totalul suprafeţei în dispută.
“Hotărârea pe care a pronunţat-o astăzi Curtea recunoaşte jurisdicţia suverană şi drepturile suverane ale României pentru o suprafaţă de platou continental şi zonă economică exclusivă de 9.700 de kmp, adică 79,34 % din zona în dispută cu Ucraina”, a spus Aurescu. Insula Serpilor nu a fost considerata ca punct de baza delimitarea platoului continental. Cu toate acestea, din cate se poate vedea din harta CIJ, linia care desparte paltoul trece pe sub Insula Serpilor. Punctele de delimitare din
txtul sentinţei sunt redate mai jos (vezi harta cu punctele mai jos).
12. The maritime boundary delimiting the continental shelf and exclusive economic zones
217. The Court observes that a maritime boundary delimiting the continental shelf and exclusive economic zones is not to be assimilated to a State boundary separating territories of States. The former defines the limits of maritime zones where under international law coastal States have certain sovereign rights for defined purposes. The latter defines the territorial limits of State sovereignty. Consequently, the Court considers that no confusion as to the nature of the maritime boundary delimiting the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf arises and will thus employ this term.
218. The line of the maritime boundary established by the Court begins at Point 1, the point of intersection of the outer limit of the territorial sea of Romania with the territorial sea of Ukraine around Serpents’ Island as stipulated in Article 1 of the 2003 State Border Régime Treaty (see paragraph 28 above). From Point 1 it follows the arc of the 12-nautical-mile territorial sea of Serpents’ Island until the arc intersects at Point 2, with co-ordinates 45° 03' 18.5" N and 30° 09' 24.6" E, with a line equidistant from the adjacent coasts of Romania and Ukraine, plotted by reference to base points located on the landward end of the Sulina dyke and the south-eastern tip of Tsyganka Island. The maritime boundary from Point 2 continues along the equidistance line5 in a south-easterly direction until Point 3, with co-ordinates 44° 46' 38.7" N and 30° 58' 37.3" E (Point A of the provisional equidistance line), where the equidistance line becomes affected by a base point located on the Sacalin Peninsula.
From Point 3 the maritime boundary follows the equidistance line in a south-easterly direction to Point 4, with co-ordinates 44° 44' 13.4" N and 31° 10' 27.7" E (Point B of the provisional equidistance line), where the equidistance line becomes affected by the base point located on Cape Tarkhankut on Ukraine’s opposite coast and turns south-south-east. From Point 4 the boundary traces the line equidistant from the opposite coasts of Romania and Ukraine until Point 5, with co-ordinates 44° 02' 53.0" N and 31° 24' 35.0" E) (Point C of the provisional equidistance line), which is controlled by base points on the Sacalin Peninsula on the Romanian coast and Capes Tarkhankut and Khersones on the Ukrainian coast, from where it continues along the equidistance line in a southerly direction starting at a geodetic azimuth of 185° 23' 54.5" until the maritime boundary reaches the area where the rights of third States may be affected (see sketch-maps Nos. 8 and 9)